Meteorological data are currently being collected at one location at the Teller Mile 47 (TL_MM47) Research Basin Site, Seward Peninsula (N64 58' 36.918", W166 12' 32.67", 67 meters above sea level). The site was installed and initial measurements started in September 2018 and it has operated continuously since then. The meteorological station is co-located with a continuous snow depth sensor and two soil pits for subsurface temperature and moisture measurements.
These data are being collected to better understand the energy dynamics above the active layer and permafrost. They complement in-situ snow and soil measurements also at this location. The data could also be used as supporting measurements for other research and modeling activities.
There are 35 comma separated value format (*.csv) files provided, where each file contains the full data for an individual parameter (e.g. air temperature at 1.5 meters above the ground surface (teller_m47_air_temperature_150cm_ags_Avg.csv) or soil temperature 20 centimeters below ground surface (teller_m47_dry_soil_pit_temperature_20cmbgs_Avg.csv)) plus the time in Universal Coordinated Time (UTC) and Alaska Standard Time (UTC time minus nine hours).
The site was installed and initial measurements started in September 2018. It has been operated continuously since. Primary data gaps are due to battery failure or sensor failure. These data are being collected to better understand the surface energy dynamics above the active layer and permafrost.
The Next-Generation Ecosystem Experiments: Arctic (NGEE Arctic), was a 10-year research effort (2012-2022) to reduce uncertainty in Earth System Models by developing a predictive understanding of carbon-rich Arctic ecosystems and feedbacks to climate. NGEE Arctic was supported by the Department of Energy’s Office of Biological and Environmental Research.
The NGEE Arctic project had two field research sites: 1) located within the Arctic polygonal tundra coastal region on the Barrow Environmental Observatory (BEO) and the North Slope near Utqiagvik (Barrow), Alaska and 2) multiple areas on the discontinuous permafrost region of the Seward Peninsula north of Nome, Alaska.
Through observations, experiments, and synthesis with existing datasets, NGEE Arctic provided an enhanced knowledge base for multi-scale modeling and contributed to improved process representation at global pan-Arctic scales within the Department of Energy’s Earth system Model (the Energy Exascale Earth System Model, or E3SM), and specifically within the E3SM Land Model component (ELM).